Our Flawed Housing Policy is the Real Brain Drain

The following was written for LIBN’s Young Island:

I’ve written about the topic of affordable housing  multiple times on Young Island. It’s both our greatest regional failure, and the key to our success in the 21st century. Yet, for such an important topic, there is still a fundamental lack of understanding of the problem, and a marked lack of standardization in studying it. We don’t have a regional standard when it comes to affordability, nor do we have an accurate assessment of how many existing units can be considered “affordable”.

Worse, the approach in which we’re addressing the problem is significantly flawed. This flawed approach is the byproduct of two larger trends in urban planning that I’ve seen on Long Island- Shoehorning urban solutions unto suburban problems, and allowing stakeholders to dominate the discussion of the issues.

Recently, I attended a housing design forum hosted by a group that is spearheaded by a development firm that is actively working to “cultivate a spirit of community-driven visioning, entrepreneurship and local investment.”

In general, I support any initiative that seeks to discuss and address Long Island’s regional issues, and think it’s an important effort. It is critical that the topics of housing, our economy and reversing suburban decline are discussed with the general public. I enjoy attending the events, and participating in the discussion. Yet, time and time again, it’s been the same trend- stakeholders, be it developers, environmentalists or so on, all of which have “a dog in the fight” or something to lose or gain, dominate the conversation regarding our regional issues, and push to benefit their own agendas.

We Get the Policy We Deserve

The group I mentioned earlier has recently a launched a focused campaign to build attainably priced housing. The crux of their proposed solution is the creation of micro-unit apartments across Long Island’s downtown areas. These hypothetical micro-units range in size from 300-400 square foot (roughly three times the size of the average prison cell) unit studios up to two-bedroom units in the 800-900 square foot range. The theory is that the smaller units, located in a transit-orientated development in the heart of a downtown area, will lead to a more efficient lifestyle. This efficiency will promote sustainable living that is the opposite of suburban waste, reduce energy consumption (because the units are so small) and so on.

This is all well and good, but when it comes to dollars and cents, the plan makes no sense.

Micro Unit Pricing Destination Long IslandThe hypothetical units, as proposed during a design forum, could rent for $1,000 to $1,400 for 300-400 square foot units to $2,000- $2,500 for the 800-900 square foot variants. These rents do not include utilities, cable/internet. To be fair, the projected rents do not reflect any government subsidies.

Regardless, in what world is this considered “affordable”, um… er… I mean… “Work-Force”, or is it ”attainable” housing these days?  Give me a break.

Granted, these are hypothetical units, but the fact these were presented as a viable option to get excited about in an absolutely serious manner with a straight face, is insulting.

This is what we get for allowing developers, not planners, economists and others detached from the process, to take the lead when it comes to addressing our regional housing issues. When developers helm the discussion, we get proposals such as these.

A mentor of mine raised a good point when we were discussing the issue. Can the real estate industry play a constructive role in the discussion of housing issues on Long Island? Can the goals of the real estate industry (make as much profit in as a short time frame as possible) harmonize with the goal of planners (to keep land use in balance with the socio-economic needs of residents and the environment)? Often, no- the goals of private industry conflict with the planning ideals.

One could say, “Well Mr. Know-It-All…LI’s young professionals need different options…or they’ll leave…There is a brain drain you know”. The only brain-drain I’ve seen is our approach to housing policy.

If we are losing the young, why not focus on job creation that goes beyond low-wage retail. Stop advocating for mixed-use with integrated retail and create wealth and opportunity that will allow Long Island’s younger generations to stay, be single, and eventually start a family. With each Target superstore built, we lose the opportunity to create a strong manufacturing, green or tech base. Land on an island is finite. We must ask ourselves… we maximizing our open space?  Are we creating a business climate that will appeal to start ups and entrepreneurs?  What can be done to lower costs, drive up business and allow for a multitude of housing options?

Enough is Enough

Drop the buzzwords, drop the flowery language such as “Attainable”, or “Work-Force” and let’s actually start to tackle our problem.

Here is a newsflash- $1,000 bucks for a 300 square foot closet will not fly with millennials raised in homes with bedrooms larger than that.  Long Island’s young people are getting priced out of a restricted, stagnant housing market with high cost of living, high property taxes, and a distinct lack of affordable housing.  They can’t afford nicer living because our job opportunities stink, but don’t insult young islanders with shoe boxes priced astronomically. If we wanted to live in a tight space, Manhattan is a train ride away.

We Long Islanders have driven ourselves into a ditch, and expect to build their way out of it. Well, you can’t build your way out of a recession. Maybe it’s time to enact a “fair-share” housing policy that requires each and every municipality on Long Island to create a quota of truly affordable development. Perhaps it’s time to stare our property tax problem in the eye, buck up, and start looking into consolidation.

Problems aren’t solved by tip-toeing around the issues, and giving us gilded solutions that sit on a shelf and gather dust. The public, especially Long Island’s millennials, deserve better. Why is suburban growth stagnant? It’s because of the stakeholders, and their stagnant solutions.

 

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